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Miseducation: The Failed System of Philippine Education
The EDCOM 2 Year One Report

This report summarizes the initiatives and preliminary findings of EDCOM II in its first year. Ultimately, as the Commission continues its work in the next 2 years, it aims to grasp the scale of these problems, meet them at their very root, and propose policies that could solve them once and for all.

Research Papers

Behind the Slow Start: An Assessment of Early Childhood Care and Development in the Philippines
with the Philippine Institute for Development Studies
May 2024

Priority Area #3: Demand-side Factors

This report assesses the Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) in the Philippines,
aiming to support the Second Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM2) of the
Philippine Congress with empirical evidence for programmatic and legislative reforms. Our
assessment uses a comprehensive framework that analyzes the health, nutrition, and early education outcomes of Filipino children and examines their access to essential health, nutrition, and early education services. We analyze demand- and supply-side inputs such as governance, financing, infrastructure, and human resources to identify factors that explain the poor and inequitable access to these basic services.

Throughout our analysis, we highlight key principles for optimizing ECCD returns: (1) timely provision of crucial interventions during critical life stages, (2) ensuring comprehensive access to essential services, and (3) upholding quality standards with far-reaching impacts on health, nutrition, and education outcomes.

An Assessment of the Enterprise-Based Training Modality in the Philippines: Barriers, Incentives, and Policy Gaps
with the Philippine Institute for Development Studies
May 2024

Priority Area #20: Industry involvement and investment upskilling

This study examines the enterprise-based training (EBT) modality in the country by identifying the barriers to entry of industries in co-developing and offering upskilling programs and by evaluating existing incentive mechanisms. A series of key informant interviews (KIIs) and site visits with various stakeholders are conducted to identify prevailing issues and challenges that firms and industries face. To better contextualize the EBT situation, these are complemented by a desk review of the literature and the policy and legal framework governing EBT and an analysis of recent data. This study uncovers the multidimensional and interconnected issues surrounding the alarmingly dismal contribution of EBT to training provision. This study finds clear evidence that despite the abundance of financial and non-financial incentives, existing mechanisms have not been effective in attracting private actors, including firms/enterprises and technical vocational institutions (TVIs), to implement EBT programs. Other factors include gaps in the definition, scope, and measure of EBT, limited capacity of implementers, unresponsiveness of training programs, and intersectoral and interagency coordination concerns. This study has three main contributions.

First, the elaborate discussion of the various EBT programs and the associated incentives can facilitate a better understanding and deeper appreciation of EBT. Second, policymakers can learn from and adopt good practices on industry involvement in TVET highlighted throughout the study. Finally, policy recommendations are formulated and presented to address the identified barriers and disincentives which have persistently discouraged industry involvement in skills development.

Policy Briefs

Opportunities to Address Undernutrition in the Early Years
with IDInsight
January 2024

Proper nutrition during the first 1,000 days of a child’s life is crucial for optimal growth and development and has a profound and lifelong impact on one’s ability to fully function in society. Malnutrition continues to hound the overall development of young children in the Philippines, despite various nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions being implemented in the country. To enhance these efforts and reduce malnutrition, policy recommendations include strengthening the implementation of these interventions, refining targeting and monitoring mechanisms, and exploring resourcing and funding options